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English Terminology Guide to Academic Credential Assessment in Canada

WSE's English Terminology Guide for Academic Credential Assessment in Canada was developed as a pan-Canadian primary reference source for the field of academic credential assessment and recognition.

Given its significance, the terminology used in the Lisbon Recognition Convention (LRC) and its subsidiary texts was considered, along with that used by competent authorities such as:

  • ministries/departments responsible for education, labour market, and/or immigration in Canada;
  • education-related international and inter-regional organizations (e.g., UNESCO, Council of Europe).

In addition, a number of organizations in and outside Canada have published glossaries, guides, lexicons, and other references in which terminology associated with this field is highlighted. Some resources listed below were collated through an extensive research and literature review to support working-group discussions in the development of WSE's terminology guide.

Some of these may:
  • be sector- and/or region-specific;
  • be broader in scope than assessment and recognition specifically;
  • be used by different target audiences; and
  • have been updated between 2011 and now.

You will find some of those references listed below. Please note that this list is by no means comprehensive.


In English and French:
  1. Association of Registrars of Universities and Colleges of Canada (ARUCC) and Pan-Canadian Consortium on Admissions and Transfer (PCCAT). (2015). Transcript and Transfer Guide – Transfer Glossary;
  2. Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), Job Bank. Glossary;
  3. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Glossary;
  4. Language Portal of Canada. TERMIUM Plus;
  5. MyNSFuture. Transfer Definitions and Common University&College Definitions;
  6. Network of Translators in Education (NTE). Terminology;
  7. Ontario Council on Articulation and Transfer (ONCAT), ONTransfer.ca. Glossary;
  8. Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration. Glossary;
  9. University of Ottawa. Terminology Bank.
In English only:
  1. Alberta Council on Admissions and Transfer (ACAT). Transfer Alberta. Glossary of Transfer Terms;
  2. British Columbia Council on Admissions&Transfer (BCCAT). (2018). How to Articulate – Requesting and Assessing Credit in the BC Transfer System, APPENDIX I: Glossary of Articulation Terms, page 51;
  3. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Advanced Education, Skills and Labour. Newfoundland and Labrador Credit and Program Transfer Guide, Section 5: Explanation of Terms;
  4. University of Alberta. Glossary;
  5. University of British Columbia (UBC), ArtsONE. Glossary;
  6. University of Manitoba. Glossary of Academic Terms;
  7. University of Saskatchewan. Articulation and Transfer Credit Policy – Appendix A, Student Mobility Terminology.
In English and French:
  1. European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop). (2014). Glossary – Terminology of European education and training policy;
  2. European Commission. Glossary - European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) Users Guide;
  3. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Glossary;
  4. UNESCO, European Association for the Education of Adults (EAEA) and European Commission. (1999). Glossary of Adult Learning in Europe.
In English only:
  1. Australian Department of Education and Training, Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). (2013). AQF Glossary of terminology;
  2. Council on Licensure, Enforcement&Regulation (CLEAR). Glossary of Regulatory Terms;
  3. EP-Nuffic. EP-Nuffic Glossary;
  4. European Commission. Erasmus + Glossary of terms;
  5. European Higher Education Area (EHEA), Bologna working group on qualifications frameworks. (2005). Glossary;
  6. Hunt, E. Steven,&Bergan, Sjur, eds. (2009). Developing attitudes to recognition: substantial differences in an age of globalisation;
  7. Lumina Foundation. Connecting Credentials – Develop common language to serve as the basis for a connected credentialing system;
  8. South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA), South African National Qualifications Framework (NQF). Standard Glossary of Terms;
  9. UNESCO-CEPES (Centre Européen pour l'Enseignement Supérieur). (2007). Quality assurance and accreditation: a glossary of basic terms and definitions;
  10. World Education Services (WES) – USA. World Education News&Reviews (WENR) and Bologna Glossary.

International Education Guides